Papaipema stenocelis (Dyar, 1907)
Chain Fern Borer Moth
NatureServe Global Rank: G4
Virginia State Rank: S1S3
VA DGIF Tier: None
Federal Legal Status: None
Virginia Legal Status: None
Description: The forewing is orange, with brown and violet shading. There is a brown median line which is slightly bent; pm. line double, rounded. All three spots are white, forming narrow vertical bars; orbicular and claviform spots nearly fused. The hindwing is yellow with grayish brown veins and outer shading. The size ranges from 35-40 mm.
Similar species: Papaipema speciosissima (Osmunda Borer Moth) is larger and has a slightly angled median line.
North American Range: Massachusetts to northern Florida, and west along the Gulf Coast to Louisiana.
VA Observations by Locality: No Known Recorded Observations
Flight season and broods: Eggs overwinter. Prepupal larvae usually aestivate, probably for more than a month. On rare occasions, larvae skip the prepupal aestivation and may pupate and produce adults as early as late July or August. Adults fly August and September.
Habitat and Food Plants: Rhizomes of Woodwardia virginica (Virginia Chain Fern) . Habitat is coastal plain swamps, bogs, swales, wet pinelands, vernal ponds, and other depressions, even ditches.
Behavior and Ecology: Adults come to lights about 2-3 hours after it gets dark, but only for approximately 45 minutes.
Population trend and potential threats: Presently unknown
Management practices: Presently unknown
References: Covell, Charles V. Covell, Jr.; A Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America; Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. P. 125-126.
Moth Photographers Group at the Mississippi Entomological Museum at Mississippi State University. Web application at: http://mothphotographersgroup.msstate.edu/large_map.php?hodges=9481 Accessed: 19Apr2013
NatureServe. 2012. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://www.natureserve.org/explorer. (Accessed: September 19, 2012 ).
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, 600 E. Main St., 24th Floor, Richmond, VA 23219
This atlas was compiled
by the VA Natural Heritage Program with funds provided by the VA Dept. of Game and Inland Fisheries through a state wildlife grant
from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Last Modified: Tuesday, 24 January 2017, 10:12:03 PM